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Depending on the number of units involved, lot sizes are categorized into the following:. A standard lot stands for , units of the base currency; a mini lot stands for 10, units, a micro lot stands for 1, units; while a Nano lot stands for units of the base currency. So, if you buy a standard lot of a currency pair, you are buying , units of the base currency. As you know, currencies are traded in pairs, as you are automatically selling one currency to buy another.
The first written currency in a pair is the base currency, while the other is called the quote currency. When you buy a currency pair, you are buying the base currency, using the quote currency. On the other hand, when you sell a currency pair, you are selling the base currency to buy the quote currency.
The same analogy applies to the micro lot and nano lot. From our discussion so far, it follows that one mini lot is equivalent to 0. In the same vein, one nano lot will be equivalent to 0. It is important you note that your trade volumes must not be in a single unit of the standard, mini, micro, or nano lot. You can actually trade 2, 3, or more standard lots, mini lots, or micro lots — as your account size trading capital allows you.
Of course, 2 standard lots means , units of the base currency, just as 3 micro lots would mean 3, units of the base currency. For any given currency pair, the lot size you trades affects the value of each pip you make or lose. As a rule, the bigger the lot size, the bigger the pip value, but why is that?
To understand how lot size affects pip value, you need to understand the concept of pip. It is the standardized unit for measuring price movements, and it is represented by the fourth decimal point 0. Therefore, the pip is considered the smallest price change in a currency pair until most brokers stated adding another decimal point to the currency quotes, making the 4-point pairs now five decimal points 1. The last point, which is called the pipette, is one-tenth of the pip and is now the smallest unit of price change in a currency pair.
The pip value can be measured in terms of the quote or the base currency in the pair. Even for currency pairs that do not contain USD, brokers often covert the value to USD for easy profit and loss calculation. Before we proceed to show how the lot size affects the pip value, you should note this: In a currency pair, the quoted price exchange rate is the value of the quote currency that exchanges for one unit of the base currency.
So, price movement represents a change in value in the quote currency. Now, to show how different lot sizes affect the pip value, we have to calculate the pip value using different lot sizes. Thus, the pip value for the various lot sizes are as follows:. Please note that the pip value in USD calculated here is the same for any currency pair where the USD is the quote currency.
It is also important to note that the pip value of any lot size varies in currency pairs where the USD is the base currency. In the world of financial trading, leverage is the amount your broker is ready to lend you so that you can trade bigger lot sizes than your account balance could carry without it. It is expressed as a ratio of the amount lent by the broker to the amount you must provide to trade that lot size, which is referred to as the margin — more on that later. If a broker offers leverage of , for example, it means that for each amount you provide, the broker will make it up to 50 times that amount.
So, you can use one unit of a currency pair to control 50 units of that pair, and by extension, you can use 2 units to control units nano lot size , 20 units to control 1, units micro lot size , units to control 10, units mini lot size , and 2, units to control , units standard lot size. By trading bigger lot sizes, leverage allows you to increase your profits, but it also magnifies your losses by the same factor. Note that amount of leverage does not have any effect on the value of the lot size itself — a standard lot remains , units, while a micro lot is still 1, units — but it can affect the number of lots you can trade with the balance on your account.
You can also look at it the other way round — the number of lots you trade with a particular account size determines the amount of leverage you are using since you must not use the maximum leverage provided by the broker. Hence, no matter how much leverage allowed by the broker, you can control how much you use. Margin is closely related to leverage, and, hence, its value can be affected by the lot size.
Margin can be classified as required, used, or free margin. The Required Margin is the amount of money a trader needs to put down in order to open a specified lot size of a leveraged trade. It can be expressed as a percentage of the total amount the specified lot size is worth or in the actual amount of the margin requirement. When there are many open trades, the term Used Margin refers to the aggregate of all the Required Margin from all open positions.
Also known as usable margin or available margin, Free Margin is the amount available to open new trades or cushion the effects of negative price movements until the trade is stopped out or you get a margin call. What is a lot in forex? Lot in forex represents the measure of position size of each trade. A micro-lot consists of units of currency, a mini-lot The risk of the forex trader can be divided into account risk and trade risk.
All these factors are considered to determine the right position size, irrespective of the market conditions, trading strategy, or the setup. The standard forex size lot is , units of currency. Usually, brokers represent forex lot size with currency units. For example, 5 lots are currency units. In this video, we will see lot size forex trading example:. How to calculate lot size in forex? Forex lot size can be calculated using input values such as account balance, risk percentage, and stop loss.
In the first step, the trader needs to define a risk percentage for trade and then define stop loss and a dollar per pip. A trader needs to determine lot size number of units for currency pair in the last step. To calculate risk percentage for trade using account balance, traders can define risk in dollars per position trade.
While the other trading variables may change depending on the trade, most traders will keep the percentage they risk on the trade constantly, though the amount risked for the trade may be reduced if it exceeds the 1 percent limit. To calculate forex size position based on dollars per pip, traders need to divide the risk per dollar by several pips.
A pip is an abbreviation for price interest point or the percentage in point, which is the lowest unit for which the currency price will change. When currency pairs are considered, the pip is 0. However, if the currency pair includes the Japanese yen, the pip is one percentage point or 0.
Some brokers show prices with an additional decimal place, and this fifth decimal place is called a pipette. In the case of the Japanese yen, the third place is the pipette. A stop-loss will close a trade when it is losing a specified amount. The stop-loss level also depends on the pip risk for a specific trade. The volatility and strategy are some factors that determine pip risk. Though traders would like to ensure that their stop loss is as close to the entry point as possible, keeping it too close may end the trade before the expected forex rate movement occurs.
How to calculate stop loss in pips? To calculate stop loss in pips and convert in dollars, traders need in the first step to find the difference absolute value between the entry price level and stop-loss price level. In the next step, traders need to multiply Pips at risk, Pip value, and position size to calculate risk in dollars.
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A standard lot in forex is equal to , currency units. It's the standard unit size for traders, whether they're independent or institutional. Example: If. The standard size for a lot is , units of currency, and now, there are also mini, micro, and nano lot sizes that are 10,, 1,, and units. Lot. Lot in Forex or on the exchange is a unit of measure for position volume, a fixed amount of the base currency in the Forex market.